Dam Square is considered to be the heart of Amsterdam. The town square of Amsterdam estimates 100 by 200 metres. It owes its name from the dam it was build upon. The dam dates back from 1275, at a time when Amsterdam was still at sea and was a harbour city. Boats would be able to moor near Dam Square and there used to be a fish market. Later it became the official city centre and city hall was build there. The original city hall burned down in 1652 after which it was replaced by the building known today as The Royal Palace. It is surrounded by De Nieuwe Kerk (New Church) from 1408, the Bijenkorf shopping mall, Madame Tussauds, Hotel Krasnapolsky and several other shops and restaurants. Opposite to the to the Royal Palace you’ll find the National Monument. Dame Square connects several streets
- De Damrak; the mainroad to the north between Dam Square and Amsterdam Central station;
- The shopping streets De Nieuwendijk to North and Kalverstraat to the South;
- Rokin to the South towards Rembrandt Square;
- Damstraat to East towards Red Light District;
- Paleisstraat and Mozes en Aäronstraat towards Magna Plaza and Wester Church.